How Solar Inverters Work

Most people today have embraced the use of solar energy. The reason is that there is a considerable push by governments and organisations to go green. However, most people do not know everything there is about solar panels, for example, solar inverters and how they work. To understand the use of inverters, you must first understand that there are two types of currents namely direct current (DC) and alternating current (AC). Solar panels produce direct current.

This type of electricity is however limited in its application. It is mostly used for flashlights and power required over short distances appliances. However, most households rely on alternating current. AC is better since its voltage can easily be adjusted making it easier for it to be used over long distances. For this reason, there is need to convert the DC electricity produced by solar panels into AC. It is where solar inverters come into play. A solar inverter converts DC into usable AC electricity.

There are two primary applications of inverters, and these are the off-grid application and grid-tied inverters. Off-grid inverters convert DC electricity stored in batteries into AC power. It is necessary to have an inverter that is large enough to support or power all the electronic devices in your home. Additionally, this inverters must be able to sustain surges of power that might result from the use of dishwashers and dryers.

On the other hand, grid-tied inverters only serve electricity to your home when it is needed. It means that the excess power is fed into the grid. Such inverters, however, require sophisticated detection equipment that will enable them to shut down in case of an outage. Other types of grid-tied inverters also rely on a battery backup.

When purchasing an inverter, it is essential that you put several things into consideration. The input current is critical since it directly influences the processing capacity of the device. It is vital that you always reduce power loss. To achieve this, you must check the maximum power produced by the solar arrays. If at all the power generated is more than the handling capacity, it means that there is considerable loss of energy. The efficiency of the solar power inverter is also crucial. Inverters vary in effectiveness.

Thus it is essential first to understand which is the most efficient. The efficiency is usually calculated by comparing the energy converted to the power that is lost during the process. Additionally also check the maximum output current of the inverter and determine whether or not it suits your requirements. These inverters need to be installed by professionals to ensure that the work correctly.